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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)



How does a police agency purchase a police dog?
Police Dog Photo   Police Dog Photo   Police Dog Photo   Police Dog Photo
Many police agencies do not have a budget for police dogs, so they are purchased by public and/or corporate donations. Agencies may also need donations to pay for the dog’s training, as well as veterinary bills, daily food and training equipment.


Why are K-9s not part of a department’s regular budget items?
K-9s are considered a specialty unit, which means technically they could run a department without them, unlike police cars, police officers, and their training. 80-plus percent of a police department’s budget goes toward salary, and the remaining 20 percent is needed to acquire equipment and training for the officers. There are simply not enough funds for most agencies to include the cost of K-9s and their up-keep in the general budget.


What do police dogs eat?
Unlike the average family pet, a police service dog is extremely active and requires a diet formulated to meet its increased energy and nutrient demands.


What happens if the handler gets out of the program before the dog is ready to retire?
Depending on the dog’s age, the dog might be re-trained with a new handler or be given to its original handler if age and circumstances permit.


What does “K-9” stand for?
Police Dog Picture   Police Dog Picture   Police Dog Picture   Police Dog Picture
It is short for the species “canine”, or dog. When it is on the side of a police car it means the police car carries a working police service dog.


What breeds do they use for police dogs?
Police Dog Picture   Police Dog Picture   Police Dog Picture   Police Dog Picture
The most popular breeds are German Shepherds, Belgian Malinois, Dutch Shepherds, and occasionally mixes of these breeds. Less popular, but still used at times, are Rottweilers, Doberman Pinchers, and Bouvier de Flandres. Other breeds are used for detection work, if this is their sole purpose.


Are there black German Shepherds?
      Black German Shepard Picture                  Sable German Shepard Picture    Black and Tan German Shepard Picture        Black with tan markings German Shepard Picture  

 Black with Tan Markings                            Sable                     Black and Tan                       Black
Yes, but the color and coat of a German Shepherd varies. They may have long hair or short; they may be solid black, sable (a mixture of grey and black color), black and tan or red, or mostly black with a few tan marking on their legs. All of these marking and coat types are normal for the German Shepherd.


Why are some Malinois so thin?
The Malinois is genetically a more slender build and a very active breed. For this reason their body is constantly burning calories. Bred to be extreme athletes, they typically have very little body fat. In addition, they can have a very short coat that gives them an even sleeker appearance.


What other breeds do police agencies use?
Yellow Labrador Picture      Black Labrador Picture         Bloodhound Picture        Westfallen Terrier Picture
Yellow Labrador     Black Labrador     Bloodhound          Westfallen Terrier
Labrador Retrievers are often used for narcotics and explosives detection, and evidence discovery, as well as for Search and Rescue functions. Bloodhounds are used for trailing, and many mixed breeds can be used for detection and scent work as well.


Are any of the dogs for police work ever adopted from a shelter?
Yes. It is common practice to find a good dog for scent work wherever a good dog can be found. Shelters, private homes, and adoption agencies can supply excellent dogs that love to work.


Do they use only males, or do they also use females for police service dogs?
Males and females both make excellent police service dogs.


Do you neuter and or spay police dogs?
Females are normally always spayed because of their heat cycles and for medical benefits. Males may also often be neutered for medical or behavioral reasons.


What age does a dog begin working as a police dog?
The youngest age when they become mature enough to concentrate on training well is between 12 and 15 months.


What age does the dog retire?
Depending on its health status it is normally around 10 years of age.


Where does the dog go after he/she finishes a police career?
Retired Police Dog at Home as Pet   Retired Police Dog at Home as Pet   Retired Police Dog at Home as Pet   Retired Police Dog at Home as Pet
It lives at home with its handler to live out its life as a family pet.


Can they go on vacations with their handler and family while working as a service dog?
This depends on department policy, but normally the answer is yes.


Do Police dogs live in the house or a kennel?
Police Dog Living at Home   Police Dog Living at Home   Police Dog Living at Home
Normally after working a full shift they go to their kennel where they eat and get the much needed sleep and rest they will need for their next shift. However, it is not uncommon for them to come in the house on their days off, or even daily before or after their shift begins.


How much does a police dog cost?
It varies, but because most police dogs are still coming from Europe, the cost for the dog alone, including airfare, is $8,000.00 and climbing.


Do all Police dogs come from Europe?
American Police Dog Picture   American Police Dog Picture   American Police Dog Picture
          BORN                              IN                             AMERICA!
No!!!  American breeders have been importing quality dogs from Europe for many years which is allowing America to produce the same excellence in bloodlines as in Europe. If this practice continues, we will lessen our dependency on importing dogs from Europe.


How much does the training cost?
For full training in Patrol Work, Detection, and Hard Surface (Urban) Tracking, you can figure the cost to range from $12,000.00 to $15,000.00 total, per dog, depending on the length of each class.


What type of training do they receive?
Police Dog Training   Police Dog Training   Police Dog Training
Patrol training (which includes obedience, agility, tracking, evidence searches, open area and building searches), and narcotics or explosives detection are the most common areas of training, although service dogs can also be trained to help find dead bodies, lost children, and the sick or elderly. In addition, scent discrimination training is being used to help match a potential suspect to an object such as a weapon used in a crime.


What does a police dog trained to find explosives do when he/she finds it?
Police Dog Finding Explosives       Police Dog Finding Explosives
The alert is passive, which means the dog will tell it's handler that it smells an explosive component by either sitting or laying down as close to the object as possible.


How people can help
The National Police Dog Foundation is always taking applications for volunteers. We need help in every area of fund raising. If you, or someone you know, would like to help you can begin by becoming a member or making a donation. Without your support, K-9 programs run the risk of being eliminated whenever departments are in financial distress. Also, without the assistance of programs like NPDF, working and retired police dogs are at risk for shorter and less comfortable lives because the costs of their medical care can be a heavy burden, especially in these tough economic times. After a long life of dedicated service to our communities, their physical comfort is well-earned and deserved.